Raballand, Refas, Beuran, and Isik argue it is not. The collusion among various stakeholders/agencies at ports is a major part of the problem.
The international community has been increasing investment in projects that promote trade facilitation and improve logistics in the developing world, including in ports. In Africa, a key motivation for such projects has been a presumption that poor infrastructure and inefficient border control agencies are the major causes of extended delays in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) ports. Based on new data and analysis, this note argues that collusion between controlling agencies, port authorities, private terminal operators, logistics operators, and large shippers is an important part of the problem. Decreasing dwell times in ports requires governments to combat collusive practices between the private sector and public authorities and recognize that large-scale investments in infrastructure are not sufficient to reduce logistics delays.
Meanwhile, here is the latest Logistics Performance Index (LPI) published by the WB. Nepal has the fifth worst logistics efficiency in the world. With a score of 2.04, it ranked 151 out of 155 countries in 2012. Chad, Haiti, Djibouti and Burundi have worse logistic performance than Nepal’s. Compared to previous rankings, Nepal’s performance is sliding downward. In 2007 the ranking was 130 (out of 150 countries) with a score of 2.14 and in 2010 its ranking was 147 (out of 155 countries) with a score of 2.2.