Here is an interesting infographic that shows district-wise household size, population growth rate, absentee (migrant) population and remittance inflows. The relationship between absentee population and remittance inflows is pretty clear. Also, notice that the poorest regions have larger household size and relatively high population growth rate.
Readings related to this infographic:
- Latest population estimate of Nepal (26.6 million)
A total of 23 districts in hilly region saw negative population growth rate while Kathmandu saw 60 percent growth in population. The urban population constitutes about 17 percent of the total population. Kathmandu district has the largest population followed by Morang. Manang constitutes the lowest population. Population density of Nepal is estimated 181 per sq.kms. Kathmandu district has the highest density (4408) and Manang (3) has the least. Kathmandu has recorded the highest decadal population growth (60.93 %) compared to all Nepal (14.99 %) and lowest in Manang (-31.92 %). Sex ratio is estimated to be 94.41 (male per hundred female) in the current census as compared to 99.80 in the previous census 2001.
- About 48% of migrants originate from Terai, 45% from the Hills, and 7% from the Mountain.
- Over 30 percent of household income in the Western region is accounted by remittances. In Syangja, Kaski, and Tanahu, it is 25.5%, 28.2% and 34% respectively. About 43.4 percent of household income in Argakhashi came from remittances. It was 7% in Jumla.
- Jhapa (16.8), Morang (13.2), Chitawan (10), Nawalparasi (11.8), Solukhumbu (10.7) got remittances over NRs 10 billion. Agarkhachi and Jumla got 7.5 and 0.4 billion respectively.
- Migrant destinations differ by their place of origin. A large number of migrants from Far-Western and Mid-Western (and Western) regions go to India; those from Western and and Eastern regions go to the Gulf; and those from Western and Eastern regions go to Malaysia.
- Ethnically, the probability of migration, in descending order, is above average for Muslims/others (mainly to the Gulf), Hill Dalits (mainly to India), Hill Janajatis (mainly to the Gulf), and Brahman/Chhetri (to India, the Gulf and Malaysia).
- Western Hills and Eastern Terai receive more remittance. The Western Hills send the largest number of migrants (20%). For Eastern Terai the number is 17%.
- Per capita receipt of remittances generally increases with recipients’ household wealth (skilled and educated migrants send more).
- In 2008, most of the returnees were from India, followed by the Gulf and Malaysia.
- About 37% of the returnees would “very likely” go back abroad soon. About 34% would “very unlikely” go back soon.
- Most returnees would return to either agriculture (48%) or stay inactive (20%--employment wise) or daily wage workers (10%). These are the ones who are “very likely” to migrate again.