No, says a policy brief (an old one, published in October 2006) from the Institute for Food and Development Policy. I somehow stumbled upon this policy brief. It looks interesting though I think that a global effort to promote (rather revive) the Green Revolution is definitely going to produce some good outcomes.
The policy brief is titled : Ten reasons why the Rockefeller and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundations' Alliance for another green revolution will not solve the problems of poverty and hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The authors argue that, based on the first Green Revolution experience, this initiative will not succeed because:
- the Green Revolution actually deepens the divide between rich and poor farmers.
- over time, Green Revolution technologies degrade tropical agro-ecosystems and increase environmental risk.
- the Green Revolution leads to the loss of agro-biodiversity.
- hunger is not primarily due to a lack of food, but rather because the hungry are too poor to buy the food that is available.
- without addressing structural inequities in the market and political systems, approaches relying on high input technologies fail.
- the private sector alone will not solve the problems.
- genetic engineering (GE) will make Sub-Saharan smallholder systems more environmentally vulnerable.
- GE crops into smallholder agriculture will likely lead to farmer indebtedness.
- the assertion that "There Is No Alternative" (TINA) ignores the many successful agro-ecological and non-corporate approaches to agricultural development.
- AGRA's "alliance" does not allow peasant farmers to be the principal actors in agricultural improvement.
Recommendation from the authors: Invest in the service of the struggle by peasant and farmer organisations and their allies to truly achieve food sovereignty.
The recommendation is quite blurry. At a time when there have been calls for revival of the Green Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa due to sky-rocketing food prices, it won't hurt to look at the concerns of the authors of this policy brief.